The HTML form tag
</form> is to create a form in your web page. All the input elements should go between the
You can have more than one HTML forms in a single page. However, do not nest HTML forms ( Don't put one form in another form)! The general syntax of the form tag is given below:
<form action="server-script-url-here" method="GET or POST" > ...Input elements go here... </form>
The following are the attributes you can have in the form tag:
The HTML form action attribute points to the URL to which the form submission is sent. This will normally be a server side script written in a scripting language like Perl or PHP.
Example 1, Absolute URL:
If the form handling script is in the same website, you can give the relative URL:
Example 2, Relative URL:
Learn about dynamically changing action field: Switching form action field dynamically
Method of sending data to the action URL. The value is either ‘get’ or ‘post’. In the GET method, the form data is sent as part of the URL like:
GET method is suitable for small forms like a search form. For larger forms, use the POST method. Default is the GET method.
The ‘Enctype’ attribute is for specifying the MIME type to be used for encoding the form data.
Some examples are:
enctype="text/plain" data is sent as plain text
enctype="multipart/form-data" used when files are uploaded
Specifies the window to be used to load the response of the form submission. You can use the name of a window, frame or any of the following reserved keywords:
_blankOpens in a new window
_selfThe response is loaded in the same window that contains the form
_parentLoads in parent window. Used when the form is in a frame. The response is loaded in the parent frame
_topLoads in the top most window. Used when the form is in a frame. If the Target field is not mentioned, the response is loaded in the current window itself.
Opening the response of a form in a new window
If you want to open the response of the form in a new window, you can use
_blank for the target field. The example below loads the results of a search in a new window:
See the code above at work: HTML Form Target Field Example
The ‘id’ attribute
You can find more on HTML Forms in the HTML Form Tutorial.